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Common Dental Problems

While dental problems - even minor, everyday issues - can be annoying, worrying, and even downright painful, few require panic on your part. Most can be remedied through your routine dental visits and maintaining your day-to-day oral health on your own. (This of course means brushing, flossing, and regulating the effect of your diet on your dental health.) These tactics can be supplemented by a basic knowledge of common dental problems, which include the following:


Halitosis (Chronic Bad Breath)

Bad breath is never an enjoyable affliction, of course. It often causes social embarrassment and problem with self-image, and is often a product of a more in-depth dental condition. Halitosis is often a symptom of gum disease, especially gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. Cavities also often lead to halitosis, as can the bacteria that eventually causes those cavities. Rather than relying on mouthwash and breath products to cover bad breath, seeing a dentist to identify its cause is the best course of action.


Tooth Decay

Tooth decay (which results in cavities) is an extremely common dental condition. It occurs when plaque buildup attacks the enamel that coats the teeth, gradually eroding the surface and creating holes in the teeth themselves. While some chronic decay problems are hereditary, decay is generally easy to combat if not stop entirely. Brushing twice daily and flossing regularly are a solid path to eradicating decay in your teeth. Keeping up your regular dental visits is also crucial; dentists are able to utilize special cleaning products and instruments to clean your teeth that we typically do not have in the home. Diet, of course, plays a role in limiting tooth decay as well. We all know that sugar from food tends to linger and go to work on the teeth, so limiting your intake of them can be key.


Gum Disease

Gum disease is an extremely serious, yet preventable, condition. Gum health relates far more closely to overall body health than many people realize. And infections in the gums are a major cause of adult tooth loss, often leading to an early need for denture replacements. Again, combining at-home oral hygiene with regular dental checkups and cleanings play a major role in keeping gum disease at bay.

 

Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a major, yet widely underestimated, form of cancer. It can be caused by tobacco products or a number of other sources. Typically, oral cancer surfaces inside the mouth or throat, though it can appear anywhere orally. Early attention must be paid to the mouth - again, through dental checkups - to screen for early warning signs of oral cancer.


General Tooth Sensitivity

Many, many people experience sensitivity of the teeth. This affliction can be exacerbated by exposure to extreme hot or cold temperatures - from food/drink or even the air - or from eating sweet foods. The sugar from food is able to interact with the teeth and produce instant pain and discomfort, in addition the long-term effects we have already discussed. Tooth sensitivity can be diagnosed and remedied, but this will of course require dental attention from a professional to determine a course of treatment.


Emergency Dental Injuries

Accidents occur everyday, and your teeth are not immune. Many of us have had our teeth chipped, broken, or even popped out through an injury to the mouth or jaw. These injuries are often scary and potentially traumatic to the mouth, so dental attention is important when they happen.


Crooked or Overcrowding Teeth

Most people are concerned with the cosmetic aspects of misaligned teeth, but there are practical concerns as well. Overall dental health can be affected by these conditions. If your teeth are crooked and/or overcrowded within your mouth, they can affect the alignment of the surrounding teeth and create a chain reaction of misalignment. They can even damage the surrounding teeth by growing into them. Dentists and orthodontists are typically able to diagnose misaligned or overcrowding teeth and help you decide on a course of action to relieve them.